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Principles by Ray Dalio (2) | #oliuoliureads

Chuyên mục đọc chùa hôm nay xin lưu giữ các nội dung mình tâm đắc về Principles của Ray Dalio, một trong những huyền thoại xây dựng những công ty trường tồn, xuyên qua khủng hoảng, và cất cánh vút cao.

Principles là một cuốn từ điển của nguyên tắc thành công đúc kết từ 40 năm xương máu của tác giả, tưởng chán như con gián với 500+ trang NHƯNG đến cái mục lục của nó #oymeoi hay kinh khủng.

Nội dung: 5/5 vì insightful, thực tế, không chém gió. Kinh nghiệm nào cũng hay từng đoạn văn đúc kết.

Trình bày: 5/5 vì sắp xếp mục lục hợp con mắt để dễ nhớ, dễ tra lục, dễ đọc. Từng trang nhấn tinh tế đầu mục.

Communicator đại tài từ nội dung đến trình bày.

Mình tóm tắt cuốn này đơn giản chỉ là... đi copy lại lời tiền bối vào đây (+ 1 chút đanh đá)

Mình đang ở trang 300+, tức là một nửa đường, đọc tới đâu tóm lại 1 bài hén.

Look to the patterns of those things that affect you in order to understand the cause-effect relationships that drive them and to learn principles for dealing with them effectively.

I have found it helpful to think of my life as if it were a game in which each problem I face is a puzzle I need to solve. By solving the puzzle, I get a gem in the form of principle that helps me avoid the same sort of problem in the future.


1.1. Be a hyperrealist

The pursuit of dreams is what gives life its flavor. My point is that people who create great things aren't idle dreamers. They are totally grounded in reality. Being a hyperrealist will help you choose your dream wisely & then achieve them.
  • Dreams + Reality + Determination = A successful life

  • Idealist who are not well grounded in reality create problems, not progress.

1.2 Truth - or, more precisely, an accurate understanding of reality - is the essential foundation for good outcome.

Most people fight seeing what's true when it's not what they want it to be.

Ôi giời ơi người ta vật lộn tranh cãi đâu là sự thực vì cái thực trạng người ta thấy không phải là cái người ta muốn. Nếu bạn đồng ý thì mình đi tiếp cùng nhau:

1.3 Be radically open-minded and radically transparent


You shouldn't assume that you are always the best person to make decisions for yourself because you often aren't.


Knowing when not to make your own decisions is one of the most important skills you can develop.



  • Don't let fears of what others think of you stand in your way.

  • I still instinctively find being as radically transparent in the ways that I am in this book uncomfortable because I am exposing personal material to the public that will attract attention and criticism. Yet I am doing it because I've learned that it's best. [...] I have experienced the positive effects of radical transparency for so long that It's now uncomfortable for me not to be this way.

1.4 Look to nature to learn how reality works

  • All the laws of reality are given to us by nature. Man didn't create these laws, but by understanding them we can use them to foster our own evolution and achieve our goals. i.e. our ability to fly or to send cell phone signals around the world.

I've found it both interesting and valuable to observe which laws we humans have in common with the rest of nature and which differentiate us.
  • When trying to understand anything - economies, markets, the weather, whatever - one can approach the subject with two perspectives: TOP DOWN - The code that drives them all BOTTOM UP - The specific case that is different from others

By taking a bottom-up perspective that looks at each individual case, we can see how it lines up with our theories about the laws that we expect to govern it. When they line up, we're good.
  • Yet most people are like ants focused only on themselves and their own anthill; they believe the universe revolves around people and don't pay attention to the universal laws that are true for all species.

  • While mankind is very intelligent in relation to other species, we have the intelligence of moss growing on a rock compared to nature as a whole. So I start from the premise that nature is smarter than I am and try to let nature teach me how reality works.

Don't get hung up on your views of how things "should" be because you will miss out on learning how they really are.
  • Nature optimizes for the whole, not for the individuals, but most people judge good and bad based on how it affects them.

To be "good" something must operate consistently with the laws of reality and contribute to the evolution of the whole; that is what it is most rewarded.

Things that don' work well are things detract from evolution. Không hữu ích gì cho cái chung.

The evolution cycle is not just for people but for countries, companies, economies - for everything. It is naturally self-correcting as a whole, though not necessarily for its parts.

Evolution has produce:

  1. incentives and interactions that lead to individuals pursuing their own interests and resulting in the advancement of the whole

  2. the natural selection process

  3. rapid experimentation and adaptation

Realize that you are simultaneously everything and nothing - and decide what you want to be.

1.5 Pain + Reflection = Progress

Asking other believable people about the root cause of your pain in order to enhance your reflections is very helpful - especially others who have opposing views but who share your interest in finding the truth rather than being proven right.

If you can reflect deeply about your problems, they almost always shrink or disappear, because you find a better way of dealing with them than if you don't have them head-on.

1.6 Weigh second- and third-order consequences

I've come to see that people who overweigh the first-order consequences of their decisions and ignore the effects of the second- and subsequent-order consequences rarely reach their goals.

This is because the first-order consequences often have the opposite desirabilities from second-order consequences.

(To be continued)

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